The Air Traffic Control services provided by Malta Air Traffic Services Ltd are grouped under three major areas which are described below:
Area Control Centre
The Area Control Centre provides air traffic services for all traffic transiting through the Malta Flight Information Region (FIR).
This traffic consists of:
- En route traffic, that is traffic that over-flies the Malta FIR without landing in Malta;
- Traffic landing at or departing from Luqa aerodrome;
- Traffic landing at or departing from Lampedusa, an Italian island which lies within the Malta FIR.
The Approach Control Service provides air traffic services to aircraft approaching to or departing from Malta International Airport. The terminal approach service has the responsibility to guide arriving aircraft to a visual or instrument approach for a safe landing and to provide guidance to aircraft departing from Malta towards their destination. Departing aircraft are also separated from arriving aircraft until they are cleared to join their respective routes.
The sector responsible to provide approach control service is also responsible for overflights which cross the Malta TMA below FL200.
The Aerodrome Control Service is responsible for providing air traffic services to aircraft in the airspace around the Airport and on the ground. Aerodrome Control is divided into two sections, a Ground Movements Controller and an Aerodrome Controller. The Ground Movements Controller controls aircraft on the ground (taxiways and apron) whilst the Aerodrome Controller issues clearances to aircraft to takeoff or land and controls aircraft that are flying in the vicinity of the airport.